9. All states shall adopt norms and procedures for the production, recovery, and recycling of materials

Liz Couture, Rapporteur

Industrial companies around the world are not using the most efficient product design procedures, nor the most eco-friendly materials, nor the best “cradle to cradle” recycling opportunities possible and available. Every bit of wasted material translates to excess energy that was used to produce it, which in turn translates to excess carbon emissions if the energy source did not come from renewables.

The solutions to carbon emissions reductions in producing a product should be applied at any point in the life cycle of the product. Organizations such as Rocky Mountain Institute1 and books like Natural Capitalism2 have been working on them for decades. In the book DRAWDOWN: The Most Comprehensive Plan Ever Proposed to Reverse Global Warming3 the most promising solutions are researched and documented. Each solution states how many tons of carbon dioxide emissions will be avoided cumulatively until the year 2050, how much the implementation of the solution would cost, and how much the net savings or benefit would be to the world. Then, all the solutions are ranked considering several criteria, including the ease with which the solution can be implemented, the lesser of the estimated costs to scale it up, or perhaps the greater the savings and benefits achieved—but always with the most important consideration, which is the amount of carbon emissions reduced if the solution is implemented.

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Notes

  1. https://www.rmi.org/  (back)
  2. Paul Hawken, Amory B. Lovins, L. Hunter Lovins, Natural Capitalism. 2nd Edition. 2010.  (back)
  3. Paul Hawken, ed, DRAWDOWN: The Most Comprehensive Plan Ever Proposed to Reverse Global Warming  (back)

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