Global Warming

1 Overview

By Derek Paul and Metta Spencer

This planet is gradually warming, mainly because of the burning of fossil fuels, which add heat-trapping gases to Earth’s atmosphere. The increased temperature changes the climate in other ways too, including the rise in sea levels; ice mass loss in Greenland, Antarctica, the Arctic and mountain glaciers worldwide; shifts in the times when flowers bloom; and extreme weather events.

Life on Earth is dependent on a layer of gases, primarily water vapor, in the lower atmosphere that trap heat from the sun, while radiating some of it back and keeping our planet at a temperature capable of supporting life.

The sunlight that remains trapped is our source of energy and is used by plants in photosynthesis, whereas the remainder is reflected as heat or light back into space. Climate forcing (or “radiative forcing”) is the differential between the amount of sunlight absorbed by Earth and the amount of energy radiated back to space.

Several factors determine the size and direction of this forcing; for example light surfaces are more reflective than dark ones, so geographical regions covered by ice and snow reflect back more than areas covered by dark water or dark forests; this variable is called the “albedo effect.”

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2 Platform for Survival items

7. All states shall swiftly adopt maximally stringent efficiency standards for cars, trucks, ships, and aircraft.
8. The International Code Council1The International Code Council is an association with over 64,000 members. It develops model codes and standards used in the design, build and compliance process to construct safe, sustainable, affordable and resilient structures. Some countries use its standards instead of developing their own. About 40 percent of emissions come from existing buildings, which could be 80% more efficient. Currently, design is done with consideration for payback by cost from utility savings. However, higher carbon fuels cost less right now than renewable energy, so buildings are being built to use fossil fuels instead of lower carbon fuel sources. They are not designed to be ready to use renewable energy sources. shall adopt stringent performance-based building codes.
9. All states shall adopt norms and procedures for the production, recovery, and recycling of materials.
10. All states shall accelerate R&D of HVDC2Research and Development of High voltage direct current electric grids electric grids, energy storage, and Demand System Management.
11. All states shall incorporate environmental considerations in developing national dietary food guides.
12. All states shall negotiate to preserve and protect forests and enhance carbon sinks.

3 Links

4 Wiki

Each of the proposals above has its own page on the Project Save the World wiki. Our intention is that people will volunteer to use the wiki for an essay on how the proposal can be put into action, what changes may need to be introduced, and so on.

If you are interested in being a contributor, contact us at

5 Papers and articles

Please contact the page administrator if you have research material (published or unpublished) which you wish to submit.


10 Responses

  1. Robin Collins says:

    Consistent with platform plank #11 on sustainability and food security, we can now refer to the Lancet’s recent study, summary found here:

  2. Liz Couture says:

    Read which reflects on the thought that taking that most extreme actions against climate change will affect the most vulnerable people. Perhaps enabling measures should be included to consider and prevent this. Interesting that this piece also has introduced an “extinction symbol” icon, asking it to be spread far and wide: it is a circle representing the world, with an hourglass inside representing time running out.

  3. Liz Couture says:

    Read Jem Bendell’s stating that it is too late in our lifetime to mitigate climate change due to non-linearity of the changes, and that it is the responsibility of the leaders to inform people and then help us adapt.

  4. Rosemary Keenan says:

    Save Canada’s Boreal Forests
    Protect our Great Lakes
    A Warmer World needs More Habitat Protection
    “We need a big, bold plan.
    “There is no doubt that when we add up the different environmental goals to halt biodiversity loss, stabilize runaway climate change and to ensure other critical ecosystems services such as pollination and clean water are maintained, we will need far more than 50% of the Earth’s natural systems to remain intact.”
    James Watson, Wildlife Conservation Society, Australia

  5. admin says:

    Submitted by David Harries

    Global warming: What might be called for

    #7. Trains will (need to) be included.[1]
    #8.’Stringent’ codes will include variability-criteria to account for differences in buildings’ locations and the climate/weather there.
    #9. Progress will depend on the establishment of an effective global recycling chain.[2]
    #10. A new form of public-private-nfp-ngo collaboration will minimize counter-productive ‘competition’.
    #11. A new protocol/structure will harmonize responses to the demands of (global) environment factors and (states’ culture-variable) food guides.
    #12. A formal international negotiation protocol will address responsibility-sharing, monitoring and enforcement, and states’ capacity differences.

    [1] Almost every state has trains. The more advanced their technology, the greater the infrastructure costs and consequences. Legacy systems are much more polluting.
    [2] The recent decision by China to halt annual intake of 110 million tons of low value recycling material highlights the international nature of ‘recycling’.

  6. admin says:

    Submitted by Peter Hajnal:

    Should the “Global warming” heading include special challenges (rising sea levels, Arctic and Antarctic melting, etc.) ?

    #7: I suggest including the qualifier “environmental” before ” efficiency standards

    #12: what about other mitigation measures (carbon tax, cap-and-trade, etc.)?

    • Jan Slakov says:

      Yes, we definitely need carbon pricing (and measures like border adjustments to make it as fair as possible. Citizens Climate Lobby works internationally for what I think is the most effective form of pricing, one unlikely to be nixed by some ideologically wrong-headed government. They have a letter I urge businesses and organizations to sign on to here:

      • Liz Couture says:

        Jan, yes you are right that CCL works towards “the most effective form of pricing”, referred to CARBON FEE AND DIVIDEND. There are several ways to price carbon, according to “The Case for a Carbon Tax”, by Shi-Ling Hsu: 1) carbon tax; 2) command and control regulation; 3) cap and trade. CCL argues that if the “polluting industries” are taxed at the source and the fees are returned to the people to offset their rising energy costs, an important economic message is sent. This message is that polluters need to pay, that people can choose less polluting options to save costs, and that carbon pricing is necessary for long term market signals, regardless of the government flip-flop of power. THANKS for mentioning CCL, Jan, and readers should note that in addition to writing letters, CCL also welcomes members to lobby their members of government (training and resources provided).

  7. Rosemary Keenan says:

    Another item might be:
    All states shall adopt food production and agricultural practices that minimize GHG emissions.

  1. May 2, 2019

    […] ▪Global Warming ► […]

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