1 Overview

Dr. Ronald St. John

Throughout history there have been outbreaks of infectious diseases. The well-known plague epidemic (Black Death) was a devastating global epidemic of bubonic plague that struck Europe and Asia in the mid-1300s, wiping out an estimated one-third of the population. Disease outbreaks, when large in scope, have been referred to as epidemics. More recently, epidemics that have involved or might involve the global population have been labelled as pandemics.

When does an epidemic become a pandemic? There is no single accepted definition of the term pandemic (ref: Journal of Infectious Diseases, Vol. 200:7, 1 October 2009). Some considerations for labelling an outbreak as a pandemic include outbreaks of diseases:

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2 Platform for Survival items

15. WHO shall promote nations’ use of Incident Management System5“Incident Management System” is an approach to disaster management developed by firefighters. for early detection and response to pandemics.
16. UN shall adopt a ‘one health approach’ integrating veterinary and environmental science6Pandemics often result from contact between humans and animals, whereby a virus jumps from an animal to a person. This risk is increasing because people are cutting down forests and living closer to the animals they displace, and because global warming enables some animals and insects to move into formerly temperate zones. to mitigate pandemics.

3 Links

4 Wiki

Each of the proposals above has its own page on the Project Save the World wiki. Our intention is that people will volunteer to use the wiki for an essay on how the proposal can be put into action, what changes may need to be introduced, and so on.

If you are interested in being a contributor, contact us at

5 Papers and articles

Please contact the page administrator if you have research material (published or unpublished) which you wish to submit.

4 Responses

  1. admin says:

    Submitted by David Harries

    Pandemics: what might be called for

    15. A WHO ‘office’ will harmonize states’ very different abilities to deploy the IMS effectively at home and beyond.
    16. The goal will be interoperability[1] – not integration – of veterinary, environmental and public health policies and procedures.

    [1] Interoperability, unlike integration, preserves the inherent validity of all participating individuals and organizations by allowing them to perform at their best and be recognized for their strengths.

    • Carol Wells says:

      Hmm. It took me a minute to figure out David Harries’s comments. His number 15 is a comment on Platform plank number 15 about the Incident Management System, suggesting that the WHO “harmonize” it. Is that a good idea? Maybe, but the main thing the wiki has to do is explain what the Incident management System is. I never heard of it before, but if Dr. St. John thinks it’s important, I will certainly take his word for it.

      As for the distinction between “integration” and “inter-operability”, I need some more explanation. What is the difference, David?

  2. Carol Wells says:

    Almost all pandemics now result from contact with animals that have a partiular virus the jumps into the human population. People are clearing jungle and living closer to animals, so the risks are increasing. One approach is to prevent the transmission by having a more active corps of veterinarians studying animal diseases in the wild. If they can find the sick ones before the virus jumps into humans, and if they can cure them in their natural environment, they can prevent pandemics. We would send veterinarians out there, not for the sake of the monkeys but for ourselves, and we’d have to work with environmentalists and climate chang experts to identify the places where these problms are most likely to arise.

  1. May 2, 2019

    […] ▪Pandemics ► […]

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