1) Myron Frankman, World Democratic Federalism: Peace and Justice Indivisible, page 189
2) Philippe Van Parijs and Yannick Vanderborght, Basic Income: A Radical Proposal for a Free Society and a Sane Economy, 2017, Harvard University Press, page 4.
7) These come from https://basicincome.org/basic-income/
8) Parijs et al. page 21.
10) “Is basic income better than pharmacare?”, Andre Picard, Globe and Mail, June 25, 2019.
12) Parijs et al. page 99.
14) An earlier version of this essay was distributed to the International Campaign to Ban Landmines in 1996 as a submission proposing ways to generate revenue for landmine clearance. This essay has been noticeably updated with examples of the proposal that have been developed since 1996.
15) Kaul and Langmore in “The Tobin Tax”, 1996
16) Mahbub ul Haq et al, 1996: pg. 2
17) Ul Haq, 1996: pg. 133
18) Kaul and Langmore 1996: p.256
1) Oetzel and Doh, MNEs and development: a review and reconceptualization, in Journal of World Business, April 2009, Volume 44, page 108-120.
2) Tony Hill, Three Generations of UN-Civil Society Relations, World Policy Forum. April 2004.
3) Maxwell Cameron, “Democratization of Foreign Policy: The Ottawa Process as a Model” in To Walk Without Fear: The Global Movement to Ban Landmines, Editors: Maxwell A. Cameron, Brian W. Tomlin, Bob Lawson, Oxford University Press, 1998.
4) Oetzel and Doh, “MNEs and development: a review and reconceptualization”, in Journal of World Business, April 2009, Volume 44, page 108-120.
5) Peter Hall-Jones, “The Rise and Rise of NGOs”, May 2006, Global Policy Forum.
6) Christopher Pallas and Anders Uhlin, “Civil Society Influence on International Organizations: Theorizing the State Channel”, in Journal of Civil Society 10(2), April 2014.
8) Pallas and Uhlin, 2014.
9) NATO’s nuclear deterrence policy is found in its strategic concept policy (which can be amended from time to time), not within its Charter, which is the foundational statement of the military alliance.
10) Mathew Bolton and Thomas Nash, “The Role of Middle Power–NGO Coalitions in Global Policy: The Case of the Cluster Munitions Ban”, in Global Policy, May 2010.
11) Unacceptable Harm: A History of How the Treaty to Ban Cluster Munitions Was Won (United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research), 2009.
12) David Lenarcic, Knight-errant?: Canada and the crusade to ban anti-personnel land mines. Contemporary Affairs Series, 1998.
13) It should be mentioned that there was a notable role played by the Dutch. “The Netherlands, which hosts US nuclear weapons on its territory, participated in the negotiation of the UN Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons but voted against its adoption on 7 July 2017. It was the only nation to do so. It claims that US nuclear weapons are essential for its security.” (ICAN website reference).
14) “Executive summary – Southern voices on climate policy choices: analysis of and lessons learned from civil society advocacy on climate change”, Hannah Reid et al. May 2002. A report produced by 20 civil society networks in developing countries, with support from the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) and CARE through the Climate Capacity Consortium.
15) “Civil society vital to drive momentum on Paris Agreement targets”
16) See World Religions Summit final statement to G8/G20 leaders (May 2019).
1) Physicians for Social Responsibility News, Aug. 28, 2018. https://www.psr.org/blog/2018/08/28/california-votes-to-support-u-n-nuclear-weapon-ban-treaty-restrict-presidential-authority-for-nuclear-strike/
2) “Even in Trump’s America, California Could Decide How Cleanly Your Car Runs,” by Steven Overly. Washington Post, Feb. 23, 2017. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/innovations/wp/2017/02/23/even-in-trumps-america-california-could-decide-how-clean-your-car-runs/?utm_term=.a8358ad82f5c
3) The Economist, Sept. 15, 2018, “California leads Subnational Efforts to Curb Climate Change”.
4) Economist, ibid.
5) C40 Steering Committee, http://c40.org/steering_committees, accessed April 17, 2019.
6) https://www.c40.org/research retrieved April 17 2019.
7), 8) https://www.iclei.org/
9) https://worldcongress2018.iclei.org/wp-content/uploads/World%20Congress%202018%20booklet.pdf, accessed April 17, 2019.
11) Global Compact Network Bulgaria – “Archived copy”. Retrieved April 17, 2019.
12) http://www.mayorsforpeace.org/english/outlines/cityplan.html|“Program to Promote Solidarity of Cities towards the Total Abolition of Nuclear Weapons”
13) The Economist, “California Leads…”
14) Marianne Lavelle, “California Ups Its Clean Energy Game: Gov. Brown Signs 100% Zero-Carbon Electricity Bill,” Inside Climate News, Sept 20, 2019. https://insideclimatenews.org/news/28082018/california-100-percent-clean-energy-electricity-vote-climate-change-leadership-zero-carbon-electric-vehicles
15), 16) Inside Climate News, ibid.
1) “Labour Standards”, International Labour Organization.
2) “Frequently Asked Questions on Climate Change and Jobs”, International Labour Organization.
3) BBC News, 20 December 2015.
10) https://www.td.com/document/PDF/investor/2019/E-2019-Proxy-Circular.pdf for the complete proposal and resp
We produce several one-hour-long Zoom conversations each week about various aspects of six issues we address. You can watch them live and send a question to the speakers or watch the edited version later here or on our Youtube channel.